Main Article Content
Background: Scrofuloderma is a skin TB that occurs percontinuitatum from tissues underneath, such as lymph nodes, muscles, and bones. It often affects children and young adults. The incidence of TB disease is estimated to increase 20-fold in children with HIV infection. Poor nutrition can affect the mortality rate of children with HIV infection. This case report presents long-term monitoring of boys aged 1 year 5 months with scrofuloderma, malnutrition, and HIV infection. The case report aims to assist children and caregivers in undergoing treatment to prevent drug withdrawal and nutritional procedures and monitor the growth and development of children.
Case presentation: A 1-year and 5-month-old boy with a complaint of ulcers on his right neck since 12 months ago. He also complained of diarrhea 12 months ago, accompanied by recurrent stomatitis and progressive weight loss since 3 months ago. He looked pale 1 month ago. Blood laboratory examination with hemoglobin 5.1 gr/dl, leukocytes 5280 / mm3, platelets 323,000 / mm3, hematocrit 20%, reactive anti-HIV test, CD4 examination with a value of 178 cells / L, negative tuberculin test, a chest x-ray showed infiltrate in both lung fields, and bajah examination of the nodules in the Colli dextra region, with the impression of granulomatous inflammation that can be caused by mycobacterial infection.
Conclusion: Tuberculosis is the most common opportunistic infection found in children with HIV infection and increases the mortality rate. There is a relationship between nutritional status and the incidence of mortality in HIV/AIDS children, so it is necessary to monitor children for adherence to treatment, improve nutritional status and reduce morbidity and mortality rates.
As our aim is to disseminate original research article, hence the publishing right is a necessary one. The publishing right is needed in order to reach the agreement between the author and publisher. As the journal is fully open access, the authors will sign an exclusive license agreement.
The authors have the right to:
- Share their article in the same ways permitted to third parties under the relevant user license.
- Retain copyright, patent, trademark and other intellectual property rights including research data.
- Proper attribution and credit for the published work.
For the open access article, the publisher is granted to the following right.
- The non-exclusive right to publish the article and grant right to others.
- For the published article, the publisher applied for the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.