Main Article Content
Background. Vesicouterine fistula (VUF) is a rare pathological communication between the uterus or cervix and the bladder. Youssef's syndrome is an atypical presentation of a patient with a vesicouterine fistula, characterized by a triad of cyclic hematuria, amenorrhea, and absence of urinary incontinence. Because of this atypical presentation, the patient may go undiagnosed and patient management will be delayed.
Case presentation. A 39-year-old woman complained of hematuria. The patient underwent a second caesarean section in 2008 and a few weeks after the procedure the patient complained of leakage of urine from her vagina. Six months later the patient complained hematuria on her menstrual cycle and amenorrhea, with absence of urinary incontinence. Ultrasound examination found adhesions between the uterus and vagina, and irregular bladder mucosa. Patient underwent cystoscopy with endometriosis were suspected on vesicovaginal repair scars and a bladder biopsy was also performed with the results of no endometrial stroma and glands then followed by hysteroscopy. Hysteroscopy result showed a 20 mm diameter hole with irregular margins. Subsequently, the patient was treated with hysterorrhaphy laparotomy and fistula repair.
Conclusion. One type of vesicouterine fistula is Youssef's syndrome, which is a complication following a lower segment caesarean section with undiagnosed bladder injury. The diagnosis can be confirmed by cystoscopy, intravenous pyelography, hysterosalpingogram, sonography, and other types of imaging tests. Management of patients with VUF can be conservative, medical, or surgical.
As our aim is to disseminate original research article, hence the publishing right is a necessary one. The publishing right is needed in order to reach the agreement between the author and publisher. As the journal is fully open access, the authors will sign an exclusive license agreement.
The authors have the right to:
- Share their article in the same ways permitted to third parties under the relevant user license.
- Retain copyright, patent, trademark and other intellectual property rights including research data.
- Proper attribution and credit for the published work.
For the open access article, the publisher is granted to the following right.
- The non-exclusive right to publish the article and grant right to others.
- For the published article, the publisher applied for the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.