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Introduction : Pediculosis capitis is an infection of scalp and hair in humans caused by infestation of Pediculus humanus capitis and usually extends rapidly in a dense environment such as boarding schools. Aim of study : The aim of this study was to determine the association of studentsâ€™ sociodemographic, knowledge, attitude and practice with pediculosis capitis in Pondok Pesantren Tahfidzil Qur'an Yayasan Tijarotal Lan Tabur Palembang.
Methods : This research was an analytical observational study with a cross sectional design conducted on November 2018. There were 117 samples that had the inclusion criteria and hadnâ€™t exclusion criteria. Data collected from anamnesis, questionnaires and hair examinations of respondents. The results were analyzed using Chi-Square and Logistic Regression.
Results : Out of 117 students, 57 students (48.7%) has been found positive pediculosis capitis. Statistical test showed that age (p<0.001), gender (p<0.001), education level (p<0.001), knowledge (p=0.035), attitude (p=0.003) and practice (p =0.043) have significant association to the prevalence of pediculosis capitis. However, there was no significant association between father's education (p=1.000), mother's education (p=0.743), father's job (p=0.314), mother's job (p=1.000) and parents' income (p=1.000) to the prevalence of pediculosis capitis. The results of Multiple Logistic Regression analysis showed that gender, knowledge and practice were the most influential factors to the prevalence of pediculosis capitis (p<0.05) with the probability of 96.7%.
Conclusion : There was a significant association between age, gender, education level, knowledge, attitude and practice to the prevalence of pediculosis capitis, and the most dominant variables were gender, knowledge and practice.