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Abstract

A B S T R A C T
Background: Children are the group most susceptible to Mycobacterium leprae
infection. The proportion of new leprosy cases in children is indicator of successful
leprosy elimination program from World Health Organization (WHO), so this study
would like to know the epidemiology of pediatric leprosy at Dermatology and
Venereology Polyclinic, Dr. Mohammad Hoesin Palembang. Methods:
Retrospective study of all new cases of leprosy in children (0-17 years) who came
to Dermatology and Venereology Polyclinic, Dr. Mohammad Hoesin Palembang
from January 2017 to December 2020. Results: There were 10 pediatric patients
(7.58%) from 132 new leprosy cases. Most cases (40%) were in the 15-17 age
group. There are more male than female. Most types of leprosy are BL (60%)
followed by TT (20%). Manifestations of hyperpigmented skin patches and nervous
disorders, grade 1 disability, and type 2 leprosy reactions are mostly found in type
BL leprosy. The duration of illness 6-12 months has a grade 1 disability (30%).
The history of positive contact came from same household in 3 cases (30%) with
7 people (70%) domiciled in Palembang. All cases received Multidrug Therapy
(MDT) treatment according to WHO guidelines. Conclusion: Found 10 new cases
of leprosy in children in Dermatology and Venereology Polyclinic Dr. Moh. Hoesin
Palembang for four years, especially in the 15-17 age group, with the most cases
being type BL leprosy. Household contact still plays an important role in leprosy
transmission.

Keywords

Leprosy Children Epidemiology

Article Details

How to Cite
Rusmawardiana, R., Fifa Argentina, & Indri Widya Sari. (2021). Epidemiology of Leprosy in Childhood: A Retrospective Study. Bioscientia Medicina : Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research, 5(3), 508-516. https://doi.org/10.32539/bsm.v5i3.309